The setting holds the diamond in place. Each type of setting helps determine the basic style of a piece of diamond jewelry and choice is a matter of personal preference. Some setting, such as a prong setting, are considered classic while others, such as bezel or tension settings tend to create more contemporary-looking jewelry.
A prong setting - which usually has 4 or 6 prongs - is one of the most popular settings on the market, and is used for all types of faceted stones.
Similar to the prong setting, the shared prong gets its name from prongs of metal placed between two stones.
A versatile choice used for any type of stone, the bezel setting holds a diamond or gemstone by folding a very thin strip of metal over and around the perimeter of the stone.
This setting is essentially the same as the full bezel setting, the difference being the stone’s girdle is not fully covered.
With a channel setting, stones are set in a row. The walls of the setting are then slightly worked over the edge of the diamonds to hold the stones in place. Popular uses of channel settings include guard rings and eternity bands.
The word pavé has the same root as pavement. A pavé setting is literally paved with small diamond and/or gemstones set very closely together to form a glittering, uniform surface. They are held in place by small beads of the setting metal.
A tension ring is a type of ring in which the gemstone is held in place by pressure. They are very dramatic as the diamond or gem seems to be held by virtually nothing at all – and yet tension settings are as secure as any other providing the gemstones have a hardness level of 9 or above.
Similar to the channel setting, the bar setting uses short bars of metal set perpendicular to diamonds or gemstones diamonds. First, the stones are nested in grooves and then overlapped with metal using a hammering tool. Like the tension setting, gemstones with a hardness level of 9 or above are recommended for this type of setting.